Researcher using genetic science to improve prevention and treatment of stroke
UAlberta project is one of 11 receiving $1.5M in new federal funding.
By MICHAEL BROWN
Rapidly identifying and treating people suffering from a stroke in the critical moments before irreversible damage is done is the goal of one of 11 University of Alberta projects earmarked for federal funding.
Glen Jickling, a stroke researcher in the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, received $160,000 from the Canada Foundation for Innovation’s John R. Evans Leaders Fund for equipment to help his team better understand the genetics and genomics of stroke and develop new treatment targets and precision diagnostic tools.
“When it comes to strokes, time is critical. Every minute wasted results in the death of millions of brain cells,” said Jickling. “A knowledge gap exists in how to both accurately and rapidly triage acute stroke to treatment centres.
“Our patient-focused approach will provide a new understanding of immune activation, clot formation and vascular dysfunction that directly relates to human stroke.”
With more than 50,000 Canadians suffering a stroke every year, the financial burden to the country exceeds $3.6 billion annually in health-care costs, lost earnings and reduced productivity.
When treated early, Jickling said, patients who were unable to speak and walk can eventually return to work with minimal deficits, but he added that delivering acute treatment to all Canadians with stroke remains challenging.
“Preventing stroke is based on knowing the cause of stroke and treating it,” he said. “We want to better prevent and treat stroke by understanding how a person’s genetic makeup programs their response to stroke risk factors, acute stroke injury and therapies used to treat stroke.”
Amarjeet Sohi, federal minister of infrastructure and communities, was on campus to make the announcement of nearly $1.5 million for the 11 projects.
U of A president David Turpin said the John R. Evans Leaders Fund continues to be a critical source of support for researchers.
"The investments announced today are providing our researchers with the cutting-edge tools and environments needed to make bold discoveries that improve the lives of Canadians,” he said.
UAlberta projects funded by John R. Evans Leaders Fund
$1,477,695 for 11 projects
Robin Clugston, $114,137
The Vitamin A Laboratory (VitAL) research program
Armin Gamper, $190,000
Radiosensitization of solid tumours by small molecule inhibitors targeting the DNA damage response
Monica Gibson, $120,000
Excellence in periodontology
Jennifer Hocking, $159,912
A zebrafish facility for the study of eye disease
Peter Hwang, $120,001
Uncovering the hidden active conformations of proteins
Glen Jickling, $160,000
Genomics and genetics of stroke and neurological disease
Rik Tykwinski, $120,000
Four steps to new organic semiconductors: Design, synthesis, characterization, and implementation
John Ussher, $142,369
Exercise-induced tissue-secreted factors that promote mitochondrial health and reduce obesity-related cardiometabolic risk
Jessica Yue, $201,280
Neural regulation of metabolism: an in vivo laboratory
Sayed Ali Khajehoddin, $74,996
Integrated power converter modules for renewable distributed nano-grids
Gregory Kish, $75,000
Reconfigurable modular multilevel converter system for hybrid AC/DC power systems research